Tuberculosis (TB) has consistently remained a major cause of mortality and morbidity in Nigeria. Nigeria has also been classified as a high tuberculosis and multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB) burdened country. According to CDC, TB is one of the top 10 causes of death in Nigeria; It is also a major cause of child mortality in Nigeria. Based on global reports by WHO, In 2017, 10 million people fell ill with TB, and 1.6 million died from the disease (including 0.3 million among people with HIV). This shows the high epidemic proportions of tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis (TB) is a highly contagious airborne disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a bacterium that grows and divides inside of cells. It’s an infectious disease that mainly affects the lungs. Tuberculosis majorly affects adults in their productive years. However, all age groups are at risk as long as they are exposed to the bacteria or people that have been in contact with it. Over 95% of cases and deaths caused by TB are in developing countries. According to a 2017 WHO report, it is stated that Nigeria has the second highest number of estimated TB cases in Africa and the sixth highest TB burden in the world, with 11 per cent of these cases estimated to be among children. Despite the implementation of several programs, by national and international partners/agencies to curb the high prevalence of TB, it still persists. What could be the cause of this? What salient issues are we missing out on?