Results from the Nigeria HIV/AIDS Indicator and Impact Survey (NAIIS) 2018 survey released by the Federal Government of Nigeria on the 14th of March, 2019 show a decrease in the HIV prevalence rate among adults aged 15-49 years. The prevalence rate among this age group is 1.4% as against previous estimates of 2.8%. With 1.9 million persons now living with HIV/AIDs in Nigeria, the nation is now placed 4th (from the 2nd position) position on the global HIV prevalence rate ranking by UNAIDS.
Even though Nigeria’s national HIV prevalence rate is now 1.4% among adults aged 15-49 years, women (1.9%) within this age range are twice more likely to be living with HIV more than men (0.9%). Amongst younger adults, the difference is greater, as young women between the ages of 20 to 24 are thrice more likely to be living with HIV compared to men in the same age group. Also, according to NAIIS 2018, the HIV prevalence rate for children between the ages of 0 and 14 is now 0.2%.
The HIV prevalence by zonal regions shows that the South-South zone of the country has the highest HIV prevalence at 3.1% among adults aged 15-49 years, followed by the North central zone (2.0%) and the South East zone (1.9%). HIV prevalence is lower in the South west zone (1.1%), the North east zone (1.1%) and the North west zone (0.6%).
With these recent findings and development, do you think Nigeria would be able to end the AIDS’ epidemic by 2030? What strategies do you think can be implemented to further eliminate the prevalence of HIV in the country?